Quality of life in kidney transplant patients: an exploration of instruments, group comparisons, correlates, and outcomes

JULS Volume 10, Issue 1

Aarushi Bansal1,2

1 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
2 Department of Multi-Organ Transplant, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada

Corresponding Author: Aarushi Bansal

Abstract

Quality of life (QOL) in kidney transplant recipients is an important indicator of disease burden and general wellbeing of patients. Research in this area can help guide clinical practice and identify areas of future study. This review explores the current literature on the topic of QOL in kidney transplant recipients, beginning by defining and discussing numerous instruments used to measure QOL. The quality of life of kidney transplant recipients is compared to the general population, other patient groups, and patients experiencing other renal replacement therapies. In addition, longitudinal assessments of QOL post-transplantation, outcomes and socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial correlates of poor QOL are discussed. The purpose for this review was to identify potential gaps in the current literature and establish guidelines to aid in the development of future research studies in this field.